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State Disability Insurance Mandates

Currently, five states require employers to provide Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) wage replacement benefits to their employees who require time off for a non-work-related injury or illness, including pregnancy and childbirth.

These include California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island.

All of these states, except Hawaii, also include paid family and medical leave provisions, which provide added benefits for employees who may be off work following the birth of a child (e.g., for bonding purposes) and to care for a family member with a serious health condition.

For more information, refer to our State Family and Medical Leave Laws chart.

Note: TDI benefits are simply to provide partial wage replacement. Job-protected leave may apply under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) or a comparable state law. If an employee is eligible for protected leave under one of these laws, they may be receiving TDI benefits concurrently.

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