Updated: Jan 11, 2019
Does Your State Provide SDI?
In the United States, there are several states and one commonwealth that provide statutory disability programs, commonly known as "disability insurance". They are funded by mandatory contributions of employees (optionally covered by employers). Employees' contributions are federal tax-deductible.
Those States are California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Puerto Rico is the commonwealth that also provides disability insurance. Below is a brief description of what each of the 5 states and commonwealth must provide in the form of disability coverage.
State administered State Disability Insurance (SDI) Plan or Self-Insured Plan, which must exceed State Plan benefits in at least one provision. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 55% of average weekly earnings in highest quarter of Base Period.
Minimum: $50 Maximum: $1,252
Benefits would begin on the 8th consecutive day of disability and are payable 52 weeks for disability leaves and 6 weeks in a 12-month period for paid family leaves.
Hawaii does not administer a State Plan but requires a minimum Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) Plan which may be; Insured, Self-Insured, or an approved collective bargaining agreement that provides sick leave & disability benefits. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 58% of average weekly earnings.
Minimum: $14 Maximum: $632
Benefits would begin on the 8th consecutive day of disability and are payable 26 weeks.
State administered State Temporary Disability (TDI) Plan, an Insured Plan, or a Self-Insured Plan which must at least equal the provision of the State Plan. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 66 2/3% of average weekly wage.
Benefits would begin on the 8th consecutive day of disability or the 1st day if disability lasts longer than 21 days. Benefits are payable 26 weeks for disability leave and 6 weeks for paid family leave.
State Disability Benefits Law (DBL) from State Insurance Fund, Insured or Self-Insured Plan meeting minimum state requirements. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 50% of average weekly wage base on previous 8 weeks earnings. New York does not have a state plan option.
Minimum: $20 Maximum: $170
Benefits would begin on the 8th consecutive day of disability and payable not more than 26 weeks during any Disability Period or during any consecutive period of 52 weeks.
Starting January 1, 2018 New York also has PAID FAMILY LEAVE and benefits will increase over the next four years.
Employers have the options to:
Insure the benefit with NYSIF
Insure with a carrier or,
Self-Insure NYPFL if they are currently self-insured for NYDBL
Maximum Weekly Benefit
2018 - $653
2019 - $746.41
2020 - TBD
2021 - TBD
Public Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) Plan or a “private” Insured or Self-Insured Plan with benefits equal to at least the public plan benefits. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 65% of weekly earnings. Paid from schedule based on total wages received in Base Year.
Minimum: $12 Maximum: $113 ($55 max for agricultural workers)
Benefits would begin on the 8th consecutive day of disability or 1st day of hospitalization. Benefits are payable not more than 26 weeks during any Disability Period or during any consecutive period of 52 weeks.
State administered State Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) ONLY. Weekly statutory benefit rate is 4.62% of total highest quarter wage in base period.
Minimum: $98 Maximum: $831
NO WAITING PERIOD must be employed for at least 7 days due to non-job-related illness or injury. Benefits are payable 30 weeks in any Benefit Year.
Starting January 1, 2020 Washington Paid Family Medical Leave (WAPFML) will go into effect. It is a State administered or a Voluntary Plan which must be at least equal to the provision of the State Plan.
WAPFML is 12 weeks during a Benefit Year Period (52 weeks); however may be up to 12 weeks of family or medical leave, plus 2 weeks if leave results from pregnancy complications. OR up to 16 weeks if combination of family & medical leave, plus 2 weeks if leave results from pregnancy complications.